Bogs have no flow-through of water and are the most likely to have a peat covered mat.
Bogs occur in poorly drained freshwater regions. They are usually found in the boreal forest and tundra regions located more in the north.
|Muskoka Heritage Areas |
classified as having a bog:
* are also classified as being provincially significant
Water in bogs contain very little or no dissolved oxygen. It is very stagnant and acidic with no flow through. The water is usually a reddish-brown color.
Bogs are the least productive wetland type. There are few nutrients available for new plant growth because plant and animal matter does not fully decompose. Some dominant species are Sphagnum moss, Black spruce and tamarack as they can tolerate such rough conditions.
Peat is partially decomposed moss and plant material. Peat can be mined from bogs and used in gardens as a fertilizer and soil conditioner.
Some very interesting carnivorous plants live in bogs, including Pitcher plants, Venus fly traps, and sundews.
There are many species found in a bog, both common and rare. Raccoons, Striped skunks and woodchucks are found on slopes, while Eastern chipmunks, Short-tailed shrews and Grey squirrels are found in low, damp woods.
Among the shrubs on the floating bog live Eastern cottontails and in the moss, though seldom seen, are Masked and Smoky shrews. Muskrats are also found in bogs.
American toads also live among the shrubs on the sphagnum mat.
The following butterflies, moths and other insects are found in bogs because of the acidic bog plants:
|A bog is ideal for turtles and frogs, especially:|
What are Wetlands?
Wetlands are defined as lands that are saturated with water long enough to cause the formation of waterlogged (hydric) soils and the growth of water-loving (hydrophytic) or water-tolerant plants.
Wetlands are Important
Surface water runoff may contain sediments, excess nutrients, viruses and pathogens and/or a variety of chemicals. A wetland acts like a filter to remove sediments, absorb nutrients and biologically change many chemicals into less harmful forms.
Significant Wetlands and the Ontario Wetland Evaluation System
Provincially Significant Wetlands are those areas identified by the province as being the most valuable. They are determined by a science-based ranking system known as the Ontario Wetland Evaluation System.
Ontario is home to approximately 24% of Canada's wetlands and 6% of the world's wetlands. Estimates of wetland extent in Ontario range from 24 million to 29 million hectares, or 22-27% of the area of the province.
Wetlands in a Watershed Context
A watershed is an area of land that drains into a common body of water and involves water and any other natural feature or function that affects or is affected by water.